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Проблемы управления правами на результаты интеллектуальной деятельности, созданными с использованием бюджетных средств

https://doi.org/10.22394/2410-132X-2019-5-1-40-66

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Аннотация

В статье анализируются проблемы, возникающие при коммерциализации научных результатов, полученных с использованием бюджетных средств, в связи с нерешенностью ряда принципиальных вопросов управления правами на такие результаты интеллектуальной деятельности. Выявлены правовая неопределенность соглашения о предоставлении субсидии для бюджетного финансирования исследований и отсутствие единой методологии управления правами Российской Федерации на полученные научнотехнические результаты. Авторы показали, что значительные бюджетные средства, направляемые на исследования в рамках проектов полного жизненного цикла, в отсутствии кодифицированного свода правил создания интеллектуальной собственности, вызывают серьезные по масштабу влияния проблемы на пути успешного научно-технологического развития страны. В качестве реальных мер по преодолению причин, являющихся источником рисков реализации амбициозных планов научно-технологического развития экономики, авторы предлагают разработать и принять единые правила, определяющие принципы и меры по управлению правами на результаты интеллектуальной деятельности, начиная от формирования заказа, условий и оснований распределения прав на результаты интеллектуальной деятельности, а также наделяющий ФОИВы всей полнотой полномочий и ответственности в системе государственной политики. Предлагаемый подход необходим при обосновании обязательств по доведению разработок до стадии промышленного применения и реализации готовой продукции, а также обязательств по мониторингу использования результатов интеллектуальной деятельности и принятию решений об обоснованности поддержания их правовой охраны.

Об авторах

Д. П. Федулкин
ФГБНУ «Дирекция НТП» Минобрнауки России
Россия
советник по интеллектуальной собственности


В. Г. Зинов
Центр научно-технической экспертизы ИПЭИ РАНХиГС при Президенте РФ
Россия
д.э.н., главный научный сотрудник


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Для цитирования:


Федулкин Д.П., Зинов В.Г. Проблемы управления правами на результаты интеллектуальной деятельности, созданными с использованием бюджетных средств. Экономика науки. 2019;5(1):40-66. https://doi.org/10.22394/2410-132X-2019-5-1-40-66

For citation:


Fedulkin D.P., Zinov V.G. Problems of management of rights to the results of intellectual activity created using budget funds. The Economics of Science. 2019;5(1):40-66. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.22394/2410-132X-2019-5-1-40-66

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